Most common symptoms is passage of blood in the stool.
Change in bowel habits, diarrhea, Constipation (recent onset)
Abdominal pain, feeling full, bloated , weight loss with no reason.
Usually early cancers does not cause pain, so it’s advisable to consult specialist when above mentioned symptoms arises.
How to diagnose it?
Initial evaluation is with Colonoscopy (Endoscopy done to see large and small bowel)
Any ulcer, growth/polyp is biopsied with help of colonoscopy and is evaluated for presence / extent of cancer.
Further a proper staging is done by Imaging studies like CT Scan/ MRI/ PET-CT/ Endoscopic ultrasound to look for extent of local disease, lymph node involvement and spread of disease to other organs such as liver, lung, bones etc.
Can we diagnose colorectal cancer early?
Examination of stool for occult (Hidden) blood and colonoscopy in high risk patients(familial History of colorectal cancer) are done to diagnose it early and thereby speedy cure.
What are modalities of treatment available?
Treatment depends upon location of tumour (colon/rectum) and stage of disease.
This includes Surgery, Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy.
Surgery offers cure in early stages.
If locally advanced, tumor can be down-staged initially with chemotherapy and Radiotherapy and surgery is done after reviewing response.
Post operatively patient may require Chemotherapy/ Radiotherapy depanding upon pathalogic stage of disease.
How surgery is performed?
Can be performed by open or by Laparoscopic means. laparoscopic Resection of Colorectal Cancer is now considered Gold Standard worldwide.
In laparoscopy, 3-4 tiny cuts are made over abdomen and the region of colon/ rectum bearing tumour along with involved lymphnodes are removed.
Laparoscopic surgery enable patients to recover quicker with less pain and fewer wound related complications (Hernia, Infection)
Laparoscopic surgery is routine in this centre with excellent results
The centre has world standard operating room facilities supported by state of the art technological support and has the largest experience across the state for laparoscopic surgery for colo-rectal diseases.
Centre has pioneered in Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS) for colon. This technique would be offered in selected patients.